By Jedidah Mikanda / Campus Press Staﬀ Writer
A woman who was born in Maryland who escaped slavery and helped hundreds of others to escape slavery as well. Tubman (born Araminta Ross, and later took her mother’s first name and was married to John Tubman) became a leading abolitionist, and was born in Maryland in 1820. She was born to enslaved parents and her family went through a lot of physical violence at the hands of her slave master. When she was a teenager a man told Tubman to help restrain a runaway slave. Since Harriet refused to do so, the overseer threw a two pound weight at her head, after which, she suffered from severe headaches, seizures, and narcoleptic episodes.
The image of Harriet Tubman, the iconic Underground Railroad Conductor who helped blacks to escape slavery in the South on her “railroad”, will appear on the front of new $20 bills scheduled for circulation in the year 2020. After escaping her own enslavement in 1849, Tubman, nicknamed “Moses”, guided at least 300 slaves (captive Africans in bondage) to freedom, including many of her family members.
Tubman Escapes Slavery in 1849 When Tubman was an adult she escaped slavery in 1849 to flee to Philadelphia. She escaped following a bout with illness and the death of her owner. Harriet went back to help her family and other slaves to escape to live in Philadelphia. In 1850, the Fugitive Slave Law was passed which meant that escaped slaves in the North could be sent back to Slavery. So Tubman re-routed the Underground Railroad to Canada. During the Civil War, Tubman worked as a cook, nurse, armed scout and spy.
First Woman to Lead Fight Tubman was the first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war. Since Tubman was getting older her head injuries became more severe. Harriet died of pneumonia in 1913 while surrounded by family and friends. Harriet Tubman’s courage, bravery and determination made her become an American icon.
“Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember, you have within you the strength, the paence, and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world.” -Abolitionist Harriet Tubman